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Carbonization-Thermochemical Processing Technology
Carbonization is also known as dry distillation. It refers to the thermochemical processing method of solid fuel. The process by WHICH A SOLID OR ORGANIC substance IS decomposed by heating in isolation from air or by heating a solid substance to produce a liquid or gaseous (usually solid) product. This process does not necessarily involve cracking or pyrolysis. The products were collected after condensation.

The coal, wood and oil shale are heated and decomposed into gas (gas), liquid (tar) and solid (coke) products under the isolation of air. The tar vapor escapes from the coke oven with the gas and can be recycled, while the coke is pushed out from the coke oven. Distillation is a complex chemical reaction process, including dehydration, pyrolysis, dehydrogenation, thermal condensation, hydrogenation, coking and other reactions.

Carbonization and carbonization is a pyrolysis technology for the preparation of corresponding carbon materials under anoxic or oxygen-deficient conditions of biomass. The process is synchronized with the decomposition of biomass, wood fiber and lignin.

Process and conditions:coal, wood, oil shale, etc. are heated under isolated air to decomposition into gaseous (such as gas), liquid (such as tar) and solid (such as coke) products. Redistillation equipment is generally industrial furnaces, from which gas escapes with tar vapor, which can be recovered. Coke remains in the furnace.According to the final temperature of heating, it can be generally divided into high temperature distillation (about 900~1100℃), medium temperature distillation (about 660~750℃) and low temperature distillation (about 500~580℃). In addition, there are pile distillation or coal pile distillation and so on. The relative quantities of gas, liquid and solid products from redistillation vary with heating temperature, time and pressure. Therefore, changing and adjusting the conditions of the retorting process can achieve different production purposes.

Dehydration:anhydrocarbonization is the removal of organic matter from other elements, leaving carbon.For example, concentrated sulfuric acid has a strong ability to dehydrate when in contact with organic matter, the hydrogen and oxygen elements in organic matter are removed according to the composition ratio of water (2:1), leaving black carbon, so as to carbonate each other. Hydrogen and oxygen are actually removed, not that the substance contains water.

Other functions:carbonation is a term for the failure form of concrete, also known as concrete neutralization.
Concrete carbonization is that the concrete itself contains a large number of pores, carbon dioxide in the air and the free hydrogen inside the concrete after the reaction of calcium oxide to generate calcium carbonate, and then cause the concrete loose, falling off. After carbonization, the alkalinity of concrete is reduced. When carbonization exceeds the protective layer of concrete, under the condition of water and air, the concrete will lose the protective effect of reinforcement, which will lead to a series of problems such as corrosion of reinforcement, shrinkage and cracking, and even the dissolution of gel structure.

Sustainable Development Brought by Biomass Carbonization
Recycling economy-Carbonization drives sustainability and circularity.

With our modular equipment, industrial companies, agricultural companies, and wastewater treatment companies can all convert existing carbon-containing "waste" into high-quality biochar, while also generating renewable energy. In this way, waste or problematic materials are converted into high-quality, climate-protected biochar.

With Haiqi Carbonization equipment, you will reach the United Nations Sustainable Development goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations do not only apply to companies that report in accordance with international standards. It is also the shared responsibility of all companies in their own supply chains.

Haiqi technology closed loop and sequester carbon dioxide, do not wait for tomorrow, today can meet the requirements of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals!


What is Carbonation?
Biomass carbonization is a process in which biomass is decomposed slowly and volatilized to produce solid coke products under the condition of limited oxygen supply or complete anoxia. In addition to solid coke products, flammable gases and liquids are produced.

Turn Agricultural And Forestry Waste Into Treasure
For agricultural, commercial or industrial waste, HAIQI can provide you with the most economical and environmentally optimal resource reuse solutions.
Carbonization technology provides a decentralized waste reduction method that maximizes revenue for your waste management while generating renewable energy.

Overview of Advantages
  • Waste reduction quantity and cost reduction: up to 95%.
  • Energy saving: The carbonization process produces a positive energy balance and the entire self-heating process can be sustained only by the energy from the waste.
  • Wide range of input materials: biomass, municipal sludge, hazardous waste, plastic, mixed waste, industrial sludge, etc.
  • Safety & cleanliness: Filter equipment is used as required and exhaust emissions are completely in compliance with relevant regulations.
  • High-value output materials: renewable energy, and high-value biochar depending on the quality of the feed.
  • Carbon dioxide balance: The carbonization process converts most of the carbon element into a long-term stable solid form, thereby reducing the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as a greenhouse gas.


Working hours of biomass gasification power generation system
The working hours of the biomass gasification power plant system are generally 7500 hours per year.

Is the by-product value of biomass gasification power generation high?
According to the current market sales price, every country is different, the application is different, so the price is different.
The approximate price of biomass by -product rough products.
  • Biochar: 1500-3000 yuan/ton
  • Wood vinegar: 15000-25000 yuan/ton
  • Wood tar: 600-800 yuan/ton

Biomass Gasification

1.What is biomass gasification for power generation?
Biogenic gasification power generation technology, also known as biomass power generation system, simply speaking, that is, various low thermal solid biomass energy resources (such as agricultural and forestry waste, organic garbage, etc.) are transformed into biomass gas through gasification. After purifying and cooling, enter the technology of generating power generation in the gas generator set.

2.What is distributed power generation ?
Distributed power generation (English: DG), can also be called decentralized power generation, decentralized power generation, and disperse power generation. It is a technology and system that uses a variety of small, connecting the power storage of the power grid. As the name suggests, it belongs to a relatively decentralized power generation method, and is compared to distributed power generation as a centralized power generation.

3.Types of biomass power generation?
The types of biomass power generation can be divided into:

  • Biomass incineration power generation
  • Biomass gasification power generation (internal combustion engine).
  • Biomass gasification boiler (Steam turbine/ORC)
  • Biomass gasification external combustion engine power generation (Stirling Power Generation)
  • The biomass gasification gas turbine power generation 

4.Haiqi biomass power generation system and technology introduction?
Haiqi biomass gasification technology is more flexible. It can provide customers with solutions according to the customer's situation and application scenarios.

5.What is the benefit of biomass gasification power generation?
It can realize biomass polygeneration, increase multiple profit points in addition to electricity, and improve the reporting cycle of the project.

6.Advantages and comparison of other manufacturers?
Each manufacturer has its own characteristics. Haiqi's advantage is integrate these technical resources. In comparison, Haiqi's advantage lies in technical reserves in gasification technology and accumulated project experience. We have rich experience in incineration and gasification technology, in power generation technology and gasification chemical industry.

7.Biomass gasification power generation internal combustion engine solutions?
When it comes to the internal combustion engine, the first question you can consider is whether it is mature and successful. Let's make it clear here that the internal combustion engine is definitely mature.
Subjective opinion:

  • Whether the manufacturer's gasification technology is stable or not.
  • Maintenance whether to check regularly in accordance with the requirements.
  • Whether the gas purification system is excellent and many other subjective factors.The efficiency of internal combustion engine power generation is also the highest among many power generation solutions, so this is also an optimal feasibility solution.

8.Biomass gasification power generation external combustion engine solution?
Compared with the internal combustion engine, everyone's perception of external combustion engine may be rare, and the external combustion engine is also collectively referred to as the Stirling engine. Because strong reliability is generally used in military workers, relevant information is usually heard on nuclear submarines and aviation rockets. In recent years, some companies have also introduced Sterlingnes to civilian use by restructuring. Haiqi combines Sterling engines with Haiqi gas technology. Integrated mobile power plants provide reliable solutions for distributed power generation systems.

9.Biomass gasification power generation with steam turbine solution ?
Biomass gasification boilers power generation. Compared with the traditional incineration boiler, the system is more environmentally friendly and the overall cost is lower.

  • Incineration produces a large amount of fly ash.
  • High input of environmental protection equipment and consumables in boiler tail.
  • Fewer profitable points

Advantages of biomass boiler

  • More friendly to the environment, low amount of fly ash.
  • Low investment in environmental protection equipment and consumables for boiler tail.
  • More profitable points.

If biomass power generation, incineration and gasification are the same, I prefer gasification, because this way is cleaner and more environmentally friendly, and burning biomass combustable gas is better for energy conservation and emission reduction of the project.

10.Biomass gasification power generation ORC solution ?
OCR is a good thing that can rely on low -quality residual heat to produce high -quality energy. Because of its small volume, it can be modularized, so it is also widely used in small -scale power stations. Relying on the Haiqi mobile energy station, the mobile pry OCR system can achieve CHP thermoelectric joint production through saturated steam, heat -conducting oil, high temperature hot water, low -pressure steam residual heat, etc.

11.What are the by-products of biomass gasification power generation?
Biomass gasification power generation polygeneration project by-products mainly include: biochar, wood tar, wood vinegar liquid, the main three by-products.

12.Benefits of distributed generation?
Distributed power generation solves the problem of energy consumption in remote areas, remote small points and islands in a practical sense. Distributed energy more to solve the problem of remote enterprises, solve the problem of international policy, but also solve the problem of private enterprises. That's a good thing!

13.Biomass gasification power generation raw material, size and moisture?
It is recommended that the size of the raw material used for biomass gasification should be >3-5cm and the moisture should be >20%.

14.Biomass gasification power generation economic benefits?
How long does it take to pay back the investment in a biomass gasification power generation system? This is a question that countless customers have repeatedly asked me, and the answer is: adapt to local conditions! Because the raw material price and electricity price policy are different in each region, some regions do not need to buy raw materials, so his production cost is almost minimal. In some regions, the electricity price subsidy is very high, so his return cycle is very short. According to Haiqi's experience over the years, the general return cycle of biomass gasification polygeneration projects is within 3 years, of course, there are 4-5 years, but such cases are really rare.

15.Biomass gasification power generation maintenance, maintenance and use?
For the maintenance and maintenance of the biomass gasification system, please follow the requirements of the Haiqi product instruction manual.

16.Benefits of mobile power stations?

  • Modular construction:Modular unit functions are clearly distinguished,Easy to integrate to common external equipment, such as crusher, drying equipment, conveying system and packaging system.
  • Plug and play installation, which can be connected using utilities (water, gas, electricity).On-site installation takes only a few days.Smaller system footprint enables integration into existing structures.

17.Biomass gasification power generation application scenarios?
Remote mountainous areas, remote scenic spots, remote villages, islands, refugee camps and other resource-poor areas

18.Why develop biomass power generation?
As a renewable resource, biomass power generation has the advantages of biological solar renewal, and is a favorable complementary energy source for wind and light energy.It can help the areas where wind and light energy are not developed to provide auxiliary energy. At the same time, it has a wide range of raw materials, which can improve the active utilization level of agricultural and forestry wastes such as straw, and also increase the carbon index. The development of sustainable energy can be said to be three eagle with one arrow.

What is gasification?
Gasification is a thermochemical conversion technology that uses heat to convert waste into energy, with oxygen and pressure turning waste into syngas. Gasification has been around in some form since the late 1700s, when it was used to produce tar. In the early 19th century, it was used to produce gas for municipal lighting and cooking. It has been used to produce synthetic chemicals since the 1920s. In recent decades, gasification has been considered to create clean energy fuels and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.Especially over the past two decades, this technology has been refined and developed into our innovative 'advanced gasification' technology. Haiqi's advanced gasification technology addresses two pressing global challenges: After reduction, reuse and recycling, converting waste to energy is the next most sustainable waste management solution. However, most of today's unrecycled waste is landfilled or incinerated, both of which produce large amounts of waste, carbon dioxide and other harmful gases. Gasification converts waste into energy more efficiently than traditional alternatives, while having a minimal impact on the environment. It's cleaner, more sustainable, smaller, better for the local community, and better.