17Waste that the mobile energy station can handleFlue gas type mobile energy station:
1. Household garbage
2. Industrial waste
3. Marine litter
4. Agricultural and forestry waste
5. Garment factory waste
6. Shoe factory garbage
7. Factory scraps
Gas energy station:
1. Biomass pellets
2. Biomass pressing block
3. Biomass wood chips
4. Biomass straw
5. Nut shells
18Is the operating cost of mobile energy stations high?The operating cost of mobile energy station is actually not high, and its main cost comes from the consumables of flue gas treatment.
Labor cost: The operation and maintenance of mobile energy stations can be unattended for 24 hours. The 5G energy intelligent management system will continuously send the system operation conditions to users according to the operation of the system.
Summary: The overall operating cost mainly comes from the consumables of flue gas treatment. According to the consumption of different consumables of raw materials treated, industrial urea, industrial baking soda and activated carbon powder are mainly consumed. The annual investment ranges from about 80,000 to 150,000 yuan, according to the local market price and local conditions.
19Brief Analysis Of Biomass Carbonization MarketWhat is the biomass carbon market research status? Biochar has adsorption function and can be used as adsorbent for heavy metal pollution treatment, soil amendment, fertilizer slow-release carrier, carbon dioxide sequestration agent and high-quality energy, etc., which can be applied in agriculture, industry, fertilizer, sewage treatment, biodiesel and other fields. Under the background of "double carbon", the market prospect of biochar in our country is better. In recent years, due to the renewable nature of biomass, the process of biomass carbon has been constantly improved and upgraded, from the traditional external heating carbonization and distillation process, gradually to the self-generated gas circulating combustion heating process, or the use of biomass carbonization, distillation, gasification polygeneration process, these processes promote the industrialization development of biomass carbon.
Prospect and current situation analysis of biochar industry in 2022
Biochar products are widely used in life (such as cooking, baking, rinse and other food industry); In agriculture; Biochar has the characteristics of improving soil, promoting the formation of soil aggregates, and regulating soil biological ecology. They also reduce heavy metal levels in the soil, boosting crop growth; In industry, biomass carbon is also widely used in smelting industry.
Based on feedstock, the global biochar market is segmented into animal manure, woody biomass, agricultural waste, and others. Among them, woody biomass leads the market in terms of demand. As one of the most important soil improvement products, biochar industry products accounted for about 50% of the market demand in 2016.
Geographically, the global biochar market is distributed across the Asia-Pacific region, North America, the Middle East and Africa, Europe, and Latin America. Among them, North America holds the highest market share in terms of value and volume. This is due to the increasing consumption of organic food and the awareness of biochar in the agricultural industry.
The market size of the global biochar industry is in a trend of volatile growth. In 2020, the revenue of the global biochar market exceeded 260 million US dollars. It is expected that the global biochar industry market will maintain a compound annual growth rate of about 8.9% from 2021-2025. Biochar can not only improve soil, increase fertility and adsorb heavy metals, but also have a good fixation effect on carbon and nitrogen, which can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases such as CO2, N2O and CH4.
With the continuous progress of science and technology and the rapid development of rural economy, With the continuous improvement of crop output, the rapid development of agricultural processing industry and the continuous development of new rural construction, the total amount and types of agricultural and forestry wastes, including crop straw, are on the rise, especially in the past decade, with the acceleration of the pace of rural urbanization, farmers' living standards have been significantly improved, and the utilization rate of agricultural and forestry wastes that can be used as fuel and fertilizer is getting lower and lower The efficient treatment and resource utilization of forest waste has become a difficult problem restricting the sustainable development of agriculture.
Market size of the biochar industry
In recent years, the global biochar market size has been in a fluctuating growth trend. In 2020, the global biochar market revenue exceeded 260 million USD, and it is expected that the global biochar market will maintain a CAGR of about 8.9% during 2021-2025. Biochar can not only improve soil, increase fertility, adsorb heavy metals, but also have a good fixation effect on carbon and nitrogen, which can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases such as CO2, N2O and CH4. With the global attention to temperature warming, the consumption demand of biochar will continue to grow, and the development space of biochar industry will be broad in the future.
Development space of biochar industry
In recent years, the state has paid more attention to the comprehensive utilization of straw. Biochar technology, as one of the important ways of comprehensive utilization of straw, will be widely promoted and applied nationwide. At the same time, under the background of "double carbon", the industrialization process of biochar in China will continue to accelerate, and the industry development prospect is promising in the future.
In the context of the era of "dual carbon" targets, reducing carbon emissions has become a consensus. Activated carbon is a typical carbon material that can often be encountered in life and production. Activated carbon has high specific surface area, adjustable pore structure, and has a wide range of applications in adsorption, catalysis, energy storage and other fields. Biomass carbon industry uses biomass to prepare activated carbon, the raw material cost is low, coconut shell, walnut shell, pine nut shell and other fruit shells, as well as straw, wood chips, sludge, waste vegetables and other wastes can be used as raw materials, but the energy consumption of the pretreatment and activation process of these raw materials is too high, which restricts the industrial development of biomass production of activated carbon.
20Biomass Polygeneration System-Biomass Hydrogen ProductionThe hottest project in 2022 should be hydrogen. Due to global warming, energy crisis, the escalation of the war between Russia and Ukraine and other reasons. The clean energy of hydrogen energy is quickly put on the agenda of countries around the world, and each country advocates various subsidies and implements incentives for some companies in their country to do some projects related to hydrogen energy.
Of course, hydrogen is also classified into gray hydrogen, blue hydrogen and green hydrogen. These three are also the most available products on the market at present.
Grey Hydrogen, It is hydrogen produced by burning fossil fuels (such as oil, natural gas, coal, etc.), and there will be carbon dioxide emissions in the production process. Currently, the vast majority of hydrogen on the market is gray hydrogen, accounting for about 95% of today's global hydrogen production.
The production cost of gray hydrogen is low, the hydrogen production technology is relatively simple, and the equipment and site occupation are less, and the production scale is relatively small.
Blue hydrogen is produced by steam methane reforming or self-heating steam reforming of natural gas. Although natural gas is also a fossil fuel and also produces greenhouse gases when producing blue hydrogen, the greenhouse gases are captured due to the use of advanced technologies such as carbon capture, Utilization and storage (CCUS), which mitiges the impact on the Earth's environment and enables low-emission production.
Green hydrogen is hydrogen produced by using renewable energy (such as solar energy, wind energy, nuclear energy, etc.), such as water electrolysis to produce hydrogen through renewable energy generation. In the process of producing green hydrogen, there is no carbon emission at all.
Green hydrogen is an ideal form of hydrogen energy utilization, but due to the limitation of current technology and manufacturing cost, it will take time for green hydrogen to achieve large-scale application.
Haiqi gasification technology can obtain H2,CH4 and CO through gasification itself, and then separate hydrogen through the air separation technology in the later stage, which is also what Haiqi will do in the future. In addition to H2, Haiqi is also committed to the development of biomass methanol synthesis and extraction technology. Haiqi believes that in the future, methanol should be the only high-quality energy source besides hydrogen in biomass. In order to electrified all public facilities and transportation, Haiqi believes it will also keep some internal combustion aircraft and ships running on green bio-methanol or hydrogen fuel cells.
21Brief Analysis Of Biomass Gasification Power Generation MarketWith the escalation of the Russia-Ukraine war, fossil energy is more and more scarce, and the international energy price continues to be unstable, more and more enterprises begin to pay attention to the use of renewable energy. Some large power users in the world began to use photovoltaic and wind power generation to make up for the power consumption of the plant. Now more consideration is to use biomass to complement wind power and light power generation, and use the advantages of biomass renewable to help enterprises reduce energy costs and carbon emissions.
Haiqi biomass gasification power generation system helps enterprises solve the problem of high energy cost, using renewable fuels such as farm straw or branches to achieve biomass polygeneration. 7*24 hours to achieve the production of green electricity, but also can produce biomass carbon, biomass wood vinegar liquid, biomass tar and other high value-added by-products, can be widely used in agriculture, forestry and other industries.
22Brief Analysis Of Biomass Gasification Industry Transformation MarketWith the increasing trend of global warming, people's awareness of replacing fossil energy is also growing. As the global manufacturing industry escalates due to a Russia-Ukraine war, more and more international manufacturing industries are unable to transfer their production centers to Southeast Asia.
For example, in the first half of 2022, Haiqi's team met many of the same problems when visiting customers in Europe. Due to the rise of natural gas, the cost of many food companies increased by about 5% to 8% year on year. For this gross margin of less than 15% of the production enterprises, is really overwhelmed. Of course, energy prices are expected to continue to rise through 2022, putting huge pressure on businesses and ordinary People's Daily lives.
The same problem exists in Spain in Western Europe. They previously used natural gas for drying and heating, and now face the same problem of rising energy prices. Energy replacement is urgent. Spain produces a quarter of the world's olive oil, making it a huge market. And with it comes a lot of olive pomace, which is a very good biomass fuel.
As we all know, for a production and processing enterprise, energy is the engine of the enterprise, so reducing energy costs can make the enterprise the most competitive in the market. By using Haiqi's gasification system, waste biomass is converted into bio-gas for boiler heating, drying and heating, replacing expensive natural gas and diesel. In addition to generating gas, 3%-5% of the biomass carbon produced in this process can be sold for agriculture. 1KG biochar =2.7KG/Co2, the value of biochar is increasingly important in Europe, and the market selling price is currently known to be in the range of €400-€600/T.
23Biomass Carbonization Q&AWhat is biomass ?
Biomass is the organic matter produced by plants through photosynthesis, which includes plants, animals and their excreta, garbage and organic wastewater. Biomass energy comes from the sun, so biomass energy is a kind of solar energy. Biomass is the most important absorber and reservoir of solar energy. Biomass can enrich solar energy through photosynthesis and store it in organic matter. These energies are the source and basis of energy needed for human development.Biomass is the most widespread substance on Earth. It includes all animals, plants and microorganisms as well as much organic matter derived, excreted and metabolized by these living substances.All kinds of biomass have some energy. With biomass as the carrier, the energy produced by biomass is biomass energy. Biomass energy is a form of energy stored in organisms in the form of chemical energy from solar energy, which comes directly or indirectly from plant photosynthesis.The amount of energy consumed by Earth's plants through photosynthesis is 0.2 percent of the sun's total radiation to the earth, a small but staggering percentage: photosynthesis consumes 40 times as much energy as humanity currently consumes. It can be seen that biomass energy is a huge energy source. The main sources of biomass energy are fuelwood, livestock manure, sugar crops, municipal waste and sewage, aquatic plants, etc.
What is carbonization?
Carbonization, also known as carbonization, carbonization, coking, refers to the reaction process of heating and decomposition of solid or organic matter in isolation from air or heating solid matter to produce liquid or gas (usually into solid) products.
Where is the application of biochar?
Biochar is a kind of solid material, which is the product of low temperature thermal transformation under the condition of no oxygen or low oxygen. It is widely used in various industries and has the function of adsorption. When applied in agriculture, it can increase the organic carbon composition of soil. At present, how to carry out innovation and development in agriculture, environmental resources and forestry is the main research topic. Biochar can effectively improve soil quality. Generally, the traditional manufacturing process produces a solid block, and after later improvement, the fine powder particles are obtained. Biochar is composed of carbon, trace minerals and other volatile organic substances. It is an alkaline substance and is not easy to decompose. There are many gaps in the structure of biochar, so it can absorb a lot of hair substances and has a strong adsorption function.
What raw materials can be used to make biochar?
All biomass raw materials, proportions: corn straw, wheat straw, rice straw, peanut straw, soybean straw, sorghum straw, cotton straw, reed straw, Changpu, Alternaria, sesame straw, wood flour, peanut shell, ash shell , rice husk, walnut shell, rubber shell, bagasse, red slag, soybean dregs, pine needles, pine cones, apple branches, pear branches, peach branches, eucalyptus branches, pig dung, cow dung, sheep dung, chicken dung, kitchen Waste, apples, bananas, etc. can be used as raw materials for preparing biochar.
Types of biochar?
Biochar is a biomass that has been "processed" by pyrolysis. The cracking process not only produces gas for energy production, but also a stable form of carbon called charcoal, which is buried in the ground and the process is 'carbon negative'
Price of biochar
The price of biochar is generally €600-€800/ ton in Europe, and 1500 -3000 yuan/ton in China.
What processes can produce high quality biochar?
The organic material was subjected to controlled pytolysis under anoxic conditions at high temperatures between 500 ° C and 600 ° C. In addition to charcoal, pyrolysis produces byproducts such as syngas and liquid tar, both of which can be used as fuel for electricity or heating. The yield of biochar depends on the speed of the pyrolysis process. Rapid pyrolysis yields 20% biochar, 20% syngas and 60% bio-oil. Slow pyrolysis yields 50 percent charcoal and a small amount of oil.
How much money can you make investing in a carbonization facility?
Depending on the market, an investment in a carbonization system is expected to recover the full investment in 6-8 months。
What is the relationship between biochar and carbon emission reduction?
Haiqi technology carbonates residual materials into non-polluting, highly porous biochar. Unlike rotting or incineration, this process does not release the carbon in the residual material as CO 2, but stably incorporates it into biochar, thereby removing it from the atmosphere.
This makes the production of biochar one of the negative emission technologies urgently needed for climate protection. Long-term sustainable sequestration of CO 2 is successful when this biochar is permanently absorbed into carbon sinks such as soil, building materials, asphalt.
In this process, the carbon is not released into the air as carbon dioxide. Instead, it is stably incorporated in biochar and thus removed from the atmosphere. The market needs products that reduce carbon dioxide, especially in the era of climate change. Depending on the processing stage, biochar can have a wide range of applications.
Haiqi Biomass carbonization solutions
The carbonization process is self-sustaining and after the start-up phase is completed, no additional external energy is required to run the process, as the energy from the waste is sufficient to continue the thermal reaction. May even benefit from the excess heat generated. Between 150 and 1500 KWH of heat can be used to dry and wet biomass, or for heating or electricity generation.
Trading platform for biochar?
At present, the biochar market in Europe has been gradually opened, and the online trading platform has also been gradually opened. Powerful merchants with EBC certification have also moved into the platform to sell their own biochar. The Chinese market will also step into this trend in the future to develop biochar.
Benefits of modular carbonization process?
Haiqi mobile modular carbonization system, the system saves 90% of the total EPC engineering volume, greatly reducing installation, civil and transportation costs. Plug and play installation that can be connected using utilities (water, gas, electricity).
On-site installation only takes a few days, in addition to the above costs, the system 24 hours unattended is the biggest highlight of the system.
Carbonization equipment process?
- The raw material shall be controlled within 3CM and the moisture within 15% through pretreatment.
- Biomass is fed to Haiqi automatic carbonization system through the feeding system.
- Carbonization begins when the system is started, and the carbonized biochar is discharged through the slag discharge system.
- The gas is heated again after secondary air and oxygen-rich combustion.After heating, the flue gas is purified and discharged to the standard after waste heat utilization.
- Emission standards meet the latest 2019EU standards.
Application scenarios of biochar carbonization?
Most of Haiqi's customers are from farms and forest farms, followed by some commercial enterprise users, who have their own resources and use HaiQI system to strengthen their industrial layout.
In 2023, HIQI will install modular carbonization systems in Portugal, Spain, France, Sweden and other places.
Comparison between Haiqi carbonization equipment and domestic and foreign countries?
Haiqi's carbonization system is based on European cracking technology, which is not a traditional process route compared with Chinese carbonization technology. On the basis of the original, it realizes the mobile modularization of the integrated system, making the carbonization system more intelligent, easier to operate, and letting users clearly know the situation of carbon reduction.
Is biochar carbonization sustainable?
The carbonization process converts most of the carbon element of the input material into a long-term stable biochar. If applied to soil as biochar or phosphate fertilizer, or used in building materials, it can sequester carbon from the atmosphere for hundreds of years.
What is EBC certification?
EBC certification is the only directive certification officially issued by the European Union in order to unify the standards of biochar, and the products of enterprises certified by the directive can sell at a good price.
What are the environmental benefits of biochar?
Carbonization drives sustainability and circularity
Through our modular equipment, industrial companies, agricultural companies, and wastewater treatment companies can convert on-site carbon-containing "waste" into high-quality biochar while generating renewable energy. In this way, waste or problematic materials are converted into high-quality, climate-protected biochar.
Introduction of carbonization equipment control system?
Using 5G remote intelligent energy management system and Siemens Internet forward-looking data acquisition and processing, remote maintenance and control system, to obtain maximum operational reliability.
24Benefits of Biomass Carbonization
As a clean and environmental protection product, biochar can be applied to many aspects through reprocessing, and the energy effect, agricultural effect and environmental effect of biochar are very large.
Biochar-As a renewable carbon source, biochar has good combustion performance, high calorific value, cleanliness and no pollution, so it has great development potential.
Source, biochar can be used in rural decentralized heating, heating, urban central heating, power generation, etc.
The mixed gas and bio-oil obtained during the biochar manufacturing process are reintegrated and collected in a steam catalytic manner to obtain hydrogen and other by-products. Bio-oil can also be upgraded to industrial chemicals, and the chemicals can be further refined to produce biodiesel fuel.
Biochar:In agriculture, biochar processed through continuous carbonization furnaces is chemically and thermally stable and can be permanently preserved in the soil without being mineralized.After applying biochar to soil, the pH of soil can be improved, and the water holding capacity, nutrient content and cation exchange capacity of soil can be improved, and the yield of crops can also be improved. Biochar is rich in mineral elements, which can increase the content of P, K, N, Mg, Ca, N and other elements in soil when added to soil. The high carbon content of biochar itself can not only increase the organic carbon in the soil, but also increase the content of organic matter in the soil to a certain extent. In addition, it has a certain water absorption capacity, so it can greatly enhance and improve the overall nutrient absorption capacity and water holding capacity of the soil. The adsorption of water and fertilizer and the pore structure of biochar can effectively improve the soil microbial environment. Biochar has a large lime content, so it can have the same effect as lime when added to soil, reducing the level of exchangeable aluminum by increasing soil base saturation, and thus improving the availability of acid soil nutrients.
Biochar:In terms of the environment, biochar has a wide range of biomass sources, easy centralized treatment, and low pollution. The biochar will sequester carbon when added back to the soil.
The application of biochar in sewage treatment mainly includes two aspects, namely organic pollution control and inorganic pollution control. The porous structure and high specific surface area of biochar make it similar to activated carbon and can be used as an adsorbent for pollutants in the environment. Biochar is used in water purification, sewage treatment, waste gas treatment and other environmental fields. For example, biochar is often used in denitration and desulfurization process to effectively remove pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide through adsorption.
Biochar:Biomass raw material agricultural and forestry waste is mainly the residue in the process of agricultural and forestry production and the waste in the process of agricultural and forestry product processing. All kinds of crop stalks, such as wheat, corn, rice straw, vegetables, beans, potato, melon and other stalks, through the continuous carbonization furnace carbonization to obtain biochar. The prospect of efficient use of biochar will also promote the development of biochar production.